OFFICIAL SECURITY BLOG

TeamSpeak’s Brazilian forum compromised, redirects to malware

November 26, 2013 | BY

Our honeypots discovered a compromise on TeamSpeak‘s, a company specializing in high-quality voice communication over the Internet, Brazilian forum.

The exploit redirects traffic to an exploit kit (DotCache) landing page as illustrated below (click to enlarge):

teamspeak_capture

Fiddler capture showing infection workflow

The trail starts with code injected into the forum’s page:

source1

In fact, this infection looks familiar and was described in details by Kahu Security on a similar forum hack.

As with many other cases, reconstructing the attack involves looking at all the hops, and in this example we have two additional redirects:

redir

That first one (see above) goes to mumeo[dot]biz which should ring a bell if you follow the exploit kit ecosystem. Finally, we arrive at the final destination, the exploit kit landing pages hosted on atvisti[dot]ro:

redir2

The site houses a forum for ATV enthusiasts and has also been compromised. The landing page shows an interesting blurb identified by Kahu Security as JJencode code:

jjencode

Following the guidelines from Kahu Security’s post, we can reverse engineer this gibberish into human readable code:

alert

Now we know what is going on: it is preparing a Java exploit:

java_exploit

If the Java exploit succeeds the final payload is loaded. In this particular example, the payload was the Zero Access Trojan which Malwarebytes Anti-Malware detects as Rootkit.0Access.

As always, it is better to prevent the infection from happening in the first place. Malwarebytes Anti-Exploit can proactively detect and block the Java exploit on-the-fly, stopping the drive-by download in its tracks.

We have reached out to TeamSpeak’s Brazilian forum and hope they can clean the site as well as fix the vulnerability promptly to avoid further infections.

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Jerome Segura (@jeromesegura) is a senior security researcher at Malwarebytes.